Skin bumps are referred to as keratosis pilaris. It is a common genetic follicular, autosomal dominant condition, which is patented by the appearance of slightly red and rough bumps on skin. Keratosis pilaris occurs on outer arms and back. But sometimes, forearm is also affected by skin bumps. Commonly, thighs, top and sides of legs, hands and buttocks are affected by keratosis pilaris. However, skin bumps do not affect glabrous skin that covers soles of feet and palms. These lesions may also occur on face but it is not to be confused with acne as it has a very similar appearance.
Classification of bumps of skin
50%-80% of adolescents and 40%-50% of adult population are affected by keratosis pilaris.
- Keratosis pilaris rubia (inflamed and red bumps on head, legs and arms)
- Keratosis pilaris rubra faceii (reddish and itchy rashes on cheeks)
- Keratosis pilaris alba (bumpy and rough skin without any irritable sensation)
Signs and symptoms of keratosis pilaris
A natural protein in the skin called keratin when produced excessively results in keratosis pilaris. The excessive keratin produced in skin is cream colored that entrap and surround the hair follicles deep in skin pores. This leads to hyperkeratinization, which forms hard plugs. The hard but tiny bumps on skin do not produce any itchy or irritable sensation but the skin may tend to be very rough. It usually happens due to lack of moisture in skin. It is more often observed in winter but may also occur any time throughout the year. Many of these hard bumps may contain a coiled ingrown hair.
Treatment of keratosis pilaris
Keratolytic or moisturizing treatments are used to heal keratosis pilaris. Salicylic acid, lactic acid, urea and topical retinoids are used to treat keratosis pilaris. Moisturizing lotions containing Vitamin D or salicylic acid may be helpful in treating such symptoms. One infected with keratosis pilaris should not use harsh soaps and deodorants. Harsh chemicals snatch away essential oils and proteins from the skin. You can also use bathing oils while you are bathing as it will restore the moisture on your skin. It is usually recommended not to use any harsh creams, deodorants, soaps and shampoos while one is affected with keratosis pilaris.
White bumps on skin
White bumps on skin may occur on any part of the body. However, these usually appear on face, forehead and cheeks. The white bumps are often accompanied by redness, itchiness, patchiness and inflammation. The affected areas may become infected or bleed in case of friction or collision with clothes. The areas often tend to be infected if scratched frequently. Good food habits and preventing your skin from coming in contact with contaminated surfaces will prevent these white bumps. Maintaining a healthy diet and utilizing proper skin care techniques will keep your skin quite clean and safe. You can opt for antibiotics and moisturizers but if problem persists, you should visit a dermatologist. You should opt for prescribed medicines and medical creams in case the medications you have been trying do not offer effective results.